Is Photography an Art?

On August 19, 1839, Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre’s photographic process was officially announced at a joint public meeting of the French Academies of Science and Fine Arts. Shortly after that meeting, Susse Freres published a brochure, The History and Description of the Technique of Daguerreotypy, which went into 26 editions in five months. Would-be photographers bought or made equipment and began taking pictures of their chimneys and counting the bricks.About the time they were becoming tired of brick-counting, someone said, “Chimney pictures are interesting, but is photography really art?” Some people are still asking the question.Well, that’s not exactly fair. Most people made up their mind pretty quickly. A camera was, to them, a machine that was to be used to record information, and photographers were machine operators. Early photography shows reinforced this belief. The exhibitions were associated with industry and not art, and photographs were judged on their technical, not their artistic, merits. The daguerreotype competition at the world’s fair of 1851 was won by M. M. Lawrence. His pictures were judged “remarkable for clear definition and general excellence of execution. … Notwithstanding their large size, they are, throughout, perfectly in focus, and are beautifully finished in all details.”Most photographers were content to see themselves as technicians. But there are always a few people who don’t get the word. To this minority, photography was definitely an art form, and they set out to convince the general public of this fact. But how?A few pioneers reasoned that if photography was to be accepted as an art form, it had to look like other accepted art forms. In short, it had to look like painting. And, unfortunately for these well-intentioned pioneers, the prevalent type of painting – the one they had to imitate – was Romanticism. So photographs had to become emotionally intense, mystical, melodramatic, brooding, somber, and exotic. It would also help if they were theatrical.As far as technique, Romanticism was just the opposite of photography. Photographs showed great detail. They allowed people to count the bricks. But Romantics believed that so much detail didn’t allow viewers to fantasize. Photographs left no room for imagination. In Romantic works, on the other hand, boundaries between shapes were blurred. Detail was avoided. Forms were only suggested. Brush strokes were evident.In other words, for photography to be accepted as an art form, it had to stop looking like photography. So photographers found ways to destroy what was photographic about their photography in the hope that their altered pictures would pass for some form of art. And these are some of the things they did.They found that they could manipulate a picture either mechanically, when it was being made, or chemically, when it was being developed or printed.Mechanically they could:* change the focus during exposure (exposure times were very long), thereby changing the depth of field* soften the picture by use of a special lens* use a pinhole instead of a lens* suspend a weighted rope from the center of the tripod and create vibrations by running a violin bow over the rope* place a flame below the lens so that heat rising from the flame would cause visible wavesIn the darkroom, the photographer could:* scrape, paint, or draw directly onto the negative* place a special sheet of glass between the negative and printing paper to diffuse the light* use either glossy or rough printing paper* coat the printing paper, or selected parts of the printing paper, with layers of gum-based, toned emulsions, producing painterly effects* use gum bichromate to rinse away details or even entire sections of a print. This process allowed the artist to create deep, textured shadows and a grainy moodiness. As the outcome of the gum-bichromate treatment differed with each print, the photographer could claim that each print was unique.This attempt to make photos look like paintings was termed Pictorialism. The debate and the style continued into the early 20th century.

There is an excessive amount of traffic coming from your Region.


Kids Clothing and Baby Dolls

Selecting clothes for your kids might be very challenging. As you are choosing clothing for your children, it is right choice to take your child together with you. Encourage your child to have her or his own perspectives about the style. They will be very excited and happy when they buy their own clothing. They would be more likely be interested in wearing the clothes frequently. Suitable clothes will make your child adorable and cute. Now there are various styles of child clothes, but some are too mature or revealing for children. As a responsible parent, you should carefully choose the appropriate clothing for your child.Though you want your children become the fashion vane among his or her peers, you should also consider his or her age. As children have tender skin, they need clothes made of soft materials. Even though clothes or dresses with laces or sequins are popular, you should remove them from your shopping list. Clothes made from 100 percent cotton would be the best choice for your child. Furthermore, you can choose branded clothes for they are not only making your child comfortable but also stylish. Choosing the right party clothes for kids is very important thing that you should do.One thing that you should consider before you in choosing the party clothes for kids is that you should consider about what party your kids will attend. After you know about this, you are able to choose the right clothes that they are able to wear. In choosing the right party kids clothing, you may need to find information in the magazines or internet. There are many casual party clothes that you are able to wear in attending the casual party. The parents need to get a cloth that will last longer. Don’t buy clothes that are out of season. Buy clothes while taking care of cold and hot weather conditions. A summer dress should be flowing and lightweight.Choosing kids clothing is a very difficult process as you should choose comfortable clothes that basically depend on cotton and similar fabrics. Choosing the right fabrics will help your kid feel comfortable while playing and during the daily activities at school or even while being out, or in a trip. Such important matter of fabrics would drive your search for many types and brands until you settle on one. Many stores also introduce nice home collections for your kids such as velour pajamas, cotton pajamas, shorts, and so on.The children at the younger ages mostly play with cuddly baby dolls. Cloth baby dolls that can be machine washed are the best pick for this age because they are softest and most durable. Be sure the baby doll you choose does not have parts that can be swallowed if they come off. Boys generally will prefer dolls that are male. There are wide ranges of baby dolls and toys for kids available through online stores at the cheaper price and best quality as well.